Trauma in the joints can result in damaged cartilage, which increases the presence of inflammatory molecules by the joint tissues – this increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis.
Cortisone injections are used for pain relief associated with inflammation in the joints. Many patients are concerned with potential long-term side effects of cortisone injections.
Not only are cortisone injections safe, but a study from MIT has shown that cortisone injections can prevent long-term damage to the joints.
When the cartilage present in joints becomes damaged, increasing levels of molecules called cytokines are produced. These cytokines, including TNF, IL-1, and IL-6, can cause damage to the already injured cartilage.
The study showed that cortisone injections can decrease the amount of cytokines produced, thereby preventing continued damage to the joint, and promoting the production of new cartilage.
The study shows the potential of cortisone injections to not only reduce pain associated with joint injury, but to also promote healing, and prevent long-term damage that is associated with osteoarthritis.