The symptoms of allergic rhinitis can vary in severity and duration, depending on the type and amount of allergen exposure.
The most common symptoms of allergic rhinitis include:
• Runny or stuffy nose
• Itchy nose, throat, and eyes
• Watery eyes
• Postnasal drip
• Sinus pressure or pain
• Decreased sense of smell or taste
Some people with allergic rhinitis may also experience asthma symptoms, such as wheezing and difficulty breathing, especially if they have a history of asthma.
The symptoms of allergic rhinitis typically occur soon after exposure to an allergen and may last for several hours or days, depending on the individual and the severity of the reaction.
However, in some cases, symptoms can develop later, especially if the allergen exposure is ongoing or the person is highly sensitive to the allergen.
Symptoms that develop later may include:
• Difficulty concentrating
• Chronic cough
• Sore throat
• Earache or ear infections
• Sinus infections
These symptoms are typically the result of chronic inflammation of the nasal passages, sinuses, and throat due to ongoing exposure to allergens. In some cases, they can also be a side effect of medications used to treat allergic rhinitis, such as nasal steroids.
It is important to note that the symptoms of allergic rhinitis can also be similar to those of non-allergic rhinitis, which can make it challenging to diagnose the condition.
A doctor can perform tests to identify the underlying cause of the symptoms and develop an appropriate treatment plan.