For glenohumeral joint osteoarthritis to be diagnosed, you will require a doctor’s appointment. Your appointment will consist of the following:
A complete medical history
Your doctor will extensively discuss your medical history with you, gathering general information such as what medications you are taking and what other medical conditions you have as well as asking questions relating to your shoulder pain specifically.
These questions will include pertinent information such as what type of signs and symptoms you are experiencing when those symptoms first began, what movements and positions aggravate your pain, and what types of treatments or tests you have had so far relating to your shoulder pain.
A physical examination
A physical exam will test for tenderness in the GH joint or pain that is triggered by certain movements or positions.
This will help to pinpoint the source of your pain, allowing the physician to distinguish between several issues, including shoulder instability (such as a dislocation injury), acromioclavicular joint diseases, rotator cuff injury, or GH joint pathology.
Making a correct diagnosis is crucial to managing and treating the issue correctly.
Your physician may send you for diagnostic imaging, such as an X-ray, to determine degenerative changes like narrowing of the joint or bone spurs formation in the GH joint. Using radiographic imaging, GH joint osteoarthritis is classified using the Samilsonn-Prieto classification system, which has four grades, ranging from 0, which is normal, to 3, which is severe.